They also gave her pamphlets about where she could go in australia in an emergency.
These networks, as iredale points out, have become the major means for australian men seeking partners.
Says that even when she discovered that her future husband had been married three times previously, twice to australian women, once to another filipina, she ignored the warning signs.
Filipino dating in australia
Was the iredale report that defined "serial sponsors", and revealed that over the past five to 10 years the prevalence of australian men repeatedly sponsoring spouses from overseas has increased.
"when she went to the australian embassy to fill out the forms for her visa, she says embassy staff talked to her at length, showing her a video about filipino women who had disappeared in australia.
But by the late 1980s, enough filipinos had arrived in australia for informal networks of friends and family to be established.
She started working, he demanded almost half her wages every week, reminding her that she owed him a debt for bringing her to australia.
In 1991/92, 6,917 filipinos came to live in australia, of whom 1,157 were identifiably spouses or fiancees of men living here.
Research suggests that a great many of these marriages are successful - although it's still intriguing that so many australian men are going offshore, particularly to the philippines, to search for partners.
His wife then applies for a permanent visa to enter australia - and is subject to the usual health and character checks which apply to all immigrants.
Serial sponsors, like all australian citizens and residents, are protected by the privacy act, as well as by the australian government's concern with the right and freedom of its citizens to marry the person of their choice (a right enshrined in various international conventions and covenants).
Highest pricesince 1980, five filipino women have been murdered by their husbands or fiances (a sixth was murdered in western australia by her american husband).
As she talks, gesturing with her cigarette, she makes no excuses for her deliberate decision to marry a 59-year-old australian in the philippines when she was 19.
His partner comes in as a fiancee, she'll receive a temporary visa for six months' stay in australia.
"the irony is that gelna's cousin, azucena (azing) pollard, who also married an australian, went missing, along with her one-year-old son, in nsw in 1987.
If an australian man meets a potential partner, he usually returns to australia and applies to sponsor the woman as a fiancee, or arranges for her to come on a visitor's permit.
Fact that the term "serial sponsor" even exists should be ringing alarm bells all over the country - especially given the obvious implications for australia's reputation in asia.
A foreigner wishes to marry a filipino woman in the philippines, he must first obtain a certificate of legal capacity to marry from the australian embassy.
"good weekend was also given a copy of a bizarre marriage "bond" written by a serial sponsor in south australia for his filipino wife, which included the lines, "i will be obedient .
're a consequence of the conscious or unconscious attitude of many australian men towards asian women - which is the undercurrent mentioned earlier, the second story running beneath the first.
Melba marginson, the melbourne-based national co-ordinator for the cpca, refers to the case of an australian man who was charged with the murder of his filipino wife recently and was subsequently acquitted after a key witness changed her evidence.