Confounding factors such as contamination and fractionation issues are frankly acknowledged by the geologic community, but are not taken into consideration when the accuracy and validity of these dating methods are examined.

A paleontologist would take the discovered fossil to a geologist who would ask the paleontologist what other fossils (searching for an index fossil) were found near their discovery.

The principle of radiocarbon dating is simple: the rates at which various radioactive elements decay are known, and the ratio of the radioactive element to its decay products shows how long the radioactive element has existed in the rock.

While there are many problems with such dating methods, such as parent or daughter substances entering or leaving the rock, e.

Relatively short-range dating technique is based on the decay of uranium-234 into thorium-230, a substance with a half-life of about 80,000 years.

Various confounding factors that can adversely affect the accuracy of carbon-14 dating methods are evident in many of the other radioisotope dating methods.

. is a meteorologist and creationist scientist who writes, and when it comes to dating any individual rock today, the resulting date is forced to conform to predetermined evolutionist dates based on these imaginary 19th century index-fossil dates.

Finally, correlation between different isotopic dating methods may be required to confirm the age of a sample.

The short half-life of carbon-14 means it cannot be used to date fossils that are allegedly extremely old, e.

#### How does radiometric dating determine the age of fossils

### How Does Radiocarbon Dating Work? - Instant Egghead #28

**How do**scientists

**determine the age of fossils**that have been under the surface of the earth for thousands of years? Scientific ...

Precision of a dating method depends in part on the half-life of the radioactive isotope involved.

Thats right, you guessed it, the paleontologist tells the geologist how old the rock is based upon its connection to those very same index fossils.

The deeper layers are older than the layers found at the top, which aids in determining the relative age of fossils found within the strata.

Also, many fossils are contaminated with carbon from the environment during collection or preservation procedures.

Carbon-14 dating has been used successfully on the dead sea scrolls, minoan ruins and tombs of the pharaohs among other things.

When scientists first began to compare carbon dating data to data from tree rings, they found carbon dating provided "too-young" estimates of artifact age.

[13][17] however, construction of an isochron does not require information on the original compositions, using merely the present ratios of the parent and daughter isotopes to a standard isotope.

[27] in other radiometric dating methods, the heavy parent isotopes were produced by nucleosynthesis in supernovas, meaning that any parent isotope with a short half-life should be extinct by now.

Isotopic systems that have been exploited for radiometric dating have half-lives ranging from only about 10 years (e.

#### How does radioactive dating help determine the age of fossils

### Creation v. Evolution: How Carbon Dating Works

Important factor in radiometric dating is the concept that we have all these various elements for radiometric dating and why cant they be used to validate one another?

Radiometric dating generally requires that the parent has a long enough half-life that it will be present in significant amounts at the time of measurement (except as described below under "dating with short-lived extinct radionuclides"), the half-life of the parent is accurately known, and enough of the daughter product is produced to be accurately measured and distinguished from the initial amount of the daughter present in the material.

The problems inherent in radiometric dating often cause them to be so unreliable that they contradict one another rather than validating each other.

The half-life of carbon-14 makes it unreliable for dating fossils over about 50,000 years old, there are other isotopes scientists use to date older artifacts.

The fact remains that every living organism appears abruptly in the fossil record, fully formed without the transitional fossils that should be there if darwinian evolution is true.

36cl has seen use in other areas of the geological sciences, including dating ice and sediments.

Krot(2002) dating the earliest solids in our solar system, hawai'i institute of geophysics and planetology http://www.

Attempt to check the accuracy of carbon dating by comparing carbon dating data to data from other dating methods.

Radiometric dating methods use this basic principle to extrapolate the age of artifacts being tested.

### FOSSILS: how fossils are dated

**fossil**is. Usually they guess its range or span of time. A good way of ...

: radiometric datingconservation and restorationhidden categories: cs1 maint: multiple names: authors listwikipedia articles needing page number citations from september 2010pages using isbn magic linksuse dmy dates from september 2010.

Thus, as an event marker of 1950s water in soil and ground water, 36cl is also useful for dating waters less than 50 years before the present.

It does suggest at least one aspect of the problem that could be researched more thoroughly.

For biological objects older than 50,000 years, scientists use radioactive dating to determine the age of rocks surrounding where the material was found.

Datingstratigraphy and biostratigraphy can in general provide only relative dating (a was before b), which is often sufficient for studying evolution.

All dating methods that support this theory are embraced, while any evidence to the contrary, e.

Dating or radioactive dating is a technique used to date materials such as rocks or carbon, in which trace radioactive impurities were selectively incorporated when they were formed.

Assert that generally speaking, older dates are found deeper down in the geologic column, which they take as evidence that radiometric dating is giving true ages, since it is apparent that rocks that are deeper must be older.

Radiometric dating requires a measurable fraction of parent nucleus to remain in the sample rock.

### Radioactive Dating

**determine the age of fossils**or geologic events which occurred in ...

Dating is a technique used to date materials such as rocks or carbon, usually based on a comparison between the observed abundance of a naturally occurring radioactive isotope and its decay products, using known decay rates.

It is possible that the ratio of daughter to parent substances for radiometric dating could differ in the different minerals.

Although the half-life of some of them are more consistent with the evolutionary worldview of millions to billions of years, the assumptions used in radiometric dating put the results of all radiometric dating methods in doubt.

The ages of fossils is an important step in mapping out how life evolved across geologic time.

Radioactive elements are common only in rocks with a volcanic origin, so the only fossil-bearing rocks that can be dated radiometrically are volcanic ash layers.

[12][13] dating of different minerals and/or isotope systems (with differing closure temperatures) within the same rock can therefore enable the tracking of the thermal history of the rock in question with time, and thus the history of metamorphic events may become known in detail.

This makes carbon-14 an ideal dating method to date the age of bones or the remains of an organism.

Rubidium-strontium dating is not as precise as the uranium-lead method, with errors of 30 to 50 million years for a 3-billion-year-old sample.

Dating methods based on extinct radionuclides can also be calibrated with the u-pb method to give absolute ages.

### How Carbon Dating Works

**dating**” to

**determine the age**of ancient artifacts and dinosaur bones. But what is the real ...

-lead dating is often performed on the mineral zircon (zrsio4), though it can be used on other materials, such as baddeleyite, as well as monazite (see: monazite geochronology).

The age that can be calculated by radiometric dating is thus the time at which the rock or mineral cooled to closure temperature.

Use carbon dating when determining the age of fossils that are less than 60,000 years old, and that are composed of organic materials such as wood or leather.

In uranium-lead dating, the concordia diagram is used which also decreases the problem of nuclide loss.

This technique is widely used on recent artifacts, but educators and students alike should note that this technique will not work on older fossils (like those of the dinosaurs alleged to be millions of years old).

Based on the principles of carbon dating, what was the likely age of the fossil?

In these cases, usually the half-life of interest in radiometric dating is the longest one in the chain, which is the rate-limiting factor in the ultimate transformation of the radioactive nuclide into its stable daughter.

This human nuclear activity will make precise dating of fossils from our lifetime very difficult due to contamination of the normal radioisotope composition of the earth with addition artificially produced radioactive atoms.

Any radiometric dates that show a supposedly old rock to be young are rejected for no other reason:few people realize that the index fossil dating system, despite its poor assumptions and many problems, is actually the primary dating tool for geologic time.

The supposed age of index fossils is based on how long these 19th century evolutionists believed one kind of animal would take (somehow) to evolve into a different kind of animal.

This rules out carbon dating for most aquatic organisms, because they often obtain at least some of their carbon from dissolved carbonate rock.

Dating uses the decay rates of radioactive substances to measure absolute ages of rocks, minerals and carbon-based substances, according to how stuff works.

The dating is simply a question of finding the deviation from the natural abundance of 26mg (the product of 26al decay) in comparison with the ratio of the stable isotopes 27al/24mg.

Beds that preserve fossils typically lack the radioactive elements needed for radiometric dating ("radiocarbon dating" or simply "carbon dating").

Mathematical premise undergirding the use of these elements in radiometric dating contains the similar confounding factors that we find in carbon-14 dating method.

Half-life of carbon-14 is 5,730 years, so carbon dating is only relevant for dating fossils less than 60,000 years old.

The ratio of the original isotope and its decay product determines how many half-lives have occurred since the sample formed.

For example, if they believed it would take 200 million years for an ammonite (somehow) to turn gradually into say a dog, then all rocks containing fossil ammonites (the index fossil) would be given an age 200 million years older than rocks containing fossils of dogs: the geological column and approximate ages of all the fossil-bearing strata were all worked out long before anyone ever heard or thought about radioactive dating there are so many sources of possible error or misinterpretation in radiometric dating that most such dates are discarded and never used at all, notably whenever they disagree with the previously agreed-on [index fossil] dates.

### Ex: Exponential Model - Determine Age Using Carbon-14 Given Half Life

**determine**an exponential decay rate and then

**determine**how old an artifact is given a ...