Plano de Desenvolvimento Sustentável - Energy Sector



Project Type: 

Policy Support

Project Status: 



Starting Date: 


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The Strategic Plan for Sustainable Development (PEDS, using the Portuguese acronym) sets out, in programmatic and operational terms, the vision and objectives of the Government of Cabo Verde and establishes 39 ambitious development targets for the period 2017-2021 for the sustainable development of Cabo Verde. But the PEDS strategy for the short term is underpinned by a longer-term vision for Cabo Verde’s sustainable development for the period 2018-2030 that is aligned with the 2030 sustainable development agenda and the sustainable development goals as means to build a better future for all Cabo Verdeans.

The PEDS was conceived using a participatory and inclusive approach with great efforts being made to ensure the involvement of not only the central administration and local governments and other national entities and institutions, but carefully including a range of civil society organisations, the private sector, and Cabo Verde’s development partners. The strategy and objectives of the PEDS are conceived on the basis of the reality of the national and the global context in which Cabo Verde is situated and presents a profound analysis of the country’s development in 2016.

Main Activities &Outputs

The energy sector of Cabo Verde is characterized by a strong dependence of the imported petroleum products
corresponding to about 80% of total primary energy supply in 2017.

Cabo Verde registered, in 2017, a total demand of 491 GWh and the Master Plan for the Electricity Sector estimates that it will reach 625 GWh, 843 GWh and 990 GWh, in 2020, 2030 and 2040, respectively

The country has made significant progress in the field of energy supplies, but major challenges persist namely: High level of energy dependency on imported fossil fuel, high electricity tariff rates and the high losses in the electricity distribution grids.

Access to modern, sustainable and lowcost energy is one of the key challenges for Cabo Verde ‘s sustainable socio-economic development. To ensure improved access to electricity, in addition to physically extending the power grids, Government policies are aimed at facilitating connections and ensuring price affordability.

The energy sector in Cabo Verde is in the process of transition to a sustainable and low-carbon network, with reforms under way or planned, as defined by the Government’s strategy for the sector.

The Government of Cabo Verde elected energy security, price stability and reduction of the energy bills as central concerns, as established in the PEDS (Strategic Plan for Sustainable Development), and in line with SDGs 7. These strategic objectives will be operationalized through the National Programme for Energy Sustainability
(PNSE). The long-term goal of the National Programme is to accomplish the transition to a secure, efficient and sustainable energy sector, reducing dependence on fossil fuels and ensuring universal access and energy security. Five axes of interventions are identified as crucial to the success of the PNSE, namely:

• Strengthening the institutional framework and improving the business and investment environment
• Reform of the organizational structure of energy market
• Investment in strategic infrastructures
• Development of renewable energy (RE)
• Promotion of energy efficiency

Within this framework and to allow the planning of the necessary infrastructures and related investments, a Master Plan for the Electricity Sector (2018 - 2030) was developed, in order to channel all efforts and actions towards these long-term goals.

Expected Impacts

The planned strategy is to reach a penetration rate for renewable energy of 54% by 2030, with a phased implementation schedule, requiring a total installed capacity of 251MW, plus more than 620MWh of storage capacity, by 2030. This strategy foresees the installation of more than 150MWp of new solar PV projects and more than 60MW of new wind farms across Cabo Verde’s territory.


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